I started with the Parallax accelerometer, which I picked up from Radio Shack. The full name is "Memsic 2125 Dual-Axis Accelerometer".
Using the two diagrams above as the theory, and borrowing code from the Arduino community (special thanks to Marcos Yarza for the initial code, which I've cleaned up below). The first step was the wire up the chip to the board. That was easy, since the kit comes with a pinout sheet: two pins are tied to ground, one to +5V, Tout is ignored for now, which leaves Yout and Xout. Xout and Yout are PWM outputs that, according to the second schematic above, output a variable width pulse based on their reading. I wired it up, and then read the values out to the serial port:
Once I had ranges for the values, I got a little creative and threw in some condition "if" statements, tied to LEDs on the prototyping board. Now, an LED should illuminate whenever the board is tilted in that direction:
Here is the source code I pulled together. I moved around some of the original code, to make it more cut-and-paste-y into your own projects.